Upcoming Trends in Engineering
What specialties are sorely lacking in the labor market?
There is a catastrophic lack of representatives of technical professions on the labor market. In this regard, we asked the experts questions:
- What kind of engineers does the economy need in the 21st century?
- In which sectors is a catastrophic shortage recorded?
- Is the 21st-century engineer different from the 20th-century engineer?
Experts would conditionally divide engineers in any fields of activity into composers and performing engineers. Composer engineers are inventors who create new products or technologies. Executive engineers skillfully use all this in their work.
The demand for engineers directly depends on which industries will be strategically present in the economy in the 21st century. The resource of people who are ready to become engineers is limited. Few understand that the qualifications of a design engineer, electrical engineer, and software engineer are very close. However, at the turn of the century, the best students preferred to engage in programming. Programmers were paid more, they could see the results of their work, had the opportunity to work on the most advanced projects in the industry, perform work for foreign companies and move abroad.
The nuclear industry today is the only industry in the world where there are enough composer engineers — inventors who create new technologies and products, and performing engineers — those who are capable of realizing the invented. They are implementing advanced projects, and in this area, they are competing at the global level.
Resource enterprises, as well as the programming area, do not suffer from a lack of performing engineers but they obviously lack compositing engineers. Engineering and instrumentation, unfortunately, are experiencing an acute shortage of even performing engineers. Engineering products are mainly competitive only in their own market, largely due to government subsidies and trade restrictions.
The 21st-century composer is an inventor, one who comes up with new technologies and products. In addition to professional skills and a scientific approach to work, he or she must constantly improve and learn new things. The person must be able to quickly adapt to changing conditions, as well as quickly make decisions in unusual situations. The task of a modern engineer is not just to keep up with the time but to be several steps ahead of it. Moreover, he or she must pay special attention to communication skills, because it is not enough to create a mechanism, system or structure, it is necessary to achieve the implementation of the project in society.