Some Info about Bioengineering and Its Connection with Biosafety and Bioinformatics
In many countries, biotechnology and bioengineering, in particular, are included in the list of 5 top-priority scientific areas.
Bioengineers created such necessary medical devices as pacemakers and heart-lung machines, a computer model of a neural network that predicts platelet behavior during a stroke, artificial blood vessels and artificial joints, hepatitis B vaccine, insulin, magnetic resonance imaging, interferon, microorganisms for utilization and many other vital inventions.
In addition, it takes part in the global production of genetically modified foods: potatoes, starch, soybeans, tomatoes, sugar beets, rapeseed, corn, and cotton. Its production is increasing twice annually. According to forecasts of leading economists, their share in the world market will exceed 25% by 2015.
The specialty of bioengineering belongs to the category of prestigious, so study groups will be complicated quickly. In order not to be out, you must submit for admission in advance.
This specialty is complex, interdisciplinary. In the process of training, students receive in-depth knowledge in the field of medicine, biology, chemistry, physics, and engineering itself. Future bioengineers study the composition of cells, the biological processes that occur in the cells of living organisms, and learn to apply the methods of molecular chemistry, biochemistry, bioinformatics. The creation of new plant species with useful properties, the genetic modification of living organisms, cloning, the development of new types of drugs are educational disciplines and the future working tasks of bioengineers.
A significant part of the educational process consists of laboratory classes, in which students, independently or under the supervision of a teacher, conduct research in the fields of medicine, environmental protection, or the food industry.
The specialty in bioengineering is available not only in technical universities but also in the medical faculties of universities under the name “Medical Cybernetics”, “Medical Biophysics”, “Medical Biochemistry”. However, many foreign universities limit the admission of foreigners to medical faculties, so it is better to enter technical universities or technical faculties where there is this specialty.
Biosafety, bioengineering, and bioinformatics
Biosafety, bioengineering, and bioinformatics are interconnected interdisciplinary industries. Each of them offers certain technical and biological tools for managing the properties of living organisms.
The effect on molecular processes over time will extend human life and improve its quality, effectively fight severe diseases. Bioinformatics provides the ability to collect and analyze large amounts of data, simulate the behavior of complex systems at all levels, for example, to predict the effects of drugs at the cellular level or to analyze how and where virus infections spread. Bioengineering helps to rationally use natural resources in the industry, agriculture, and pharmacology.
Specialists need fundamental knowledge in the field of biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, and programming for successful work. They should combine existing approaches and create new ones on their basis. It is important not only to see prospects and opportunities but also to assess the risks of specific engineering solutions in the field of biotechnology.
Bioengineers work in biotechnological production, modify biological systems for medical, industrial and research purposes. Bioinformatics build computer models for medicine and pharmacology, predict the behavior of complex systems. Biosafety experts participate in laboratory diagnostics and quality control of industrial and food products, monitor the spread of especially dangerous infections, and develop methods to prevent epidemics and pandemics.